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JavaRebel Brings Class Reloading to Java

JavaRebel reloads changes to Java classes on-the-fly without redeploy or restart including new methods and fields. It is a generic solution that works for standalone Java applications as well as application servers. For the impatient: watch the demonstration screencast (~5 mins) and download!

Ever since HotSwap support has been introduced in Java 1.4 people have been craving for more. As witnessed by this bug in the Sun database and numerous other discussions changing method bodies was just not enough. Dynamic languages like Ruby were quick enough to capitalize on this lacking touting Java EE development as slow and cumbersome.

As time passed by people have tried to work around the limitation by reloading classes along with their classloader. However since this requires also to reconstruct the object state it will only work in a controlled and limited environment — e.g. that of a web framework like RIFE, Tapestry 5 and so on.

Just as many others we were working on a workaround. However instead of limiting ourselves to the facilities provided by the Java platform we devised a whole new approach. Using bytecode modification and a little bit of magic JavaRebel extends the JVM with ability to reload almost arbitrary changes to classes on-the-fly. This includes adding and removing both methods and fields and the only forbidden changes are to ‘extends’ and ‘implements’ clauses. Since all the existing object instances are preserved the application and server can continue running and code changes are immediately visible in the application.

Watch the demonstration screencast (~5 mins), read the feature list or just download JavaRebel from and give it a try. Disclaimer: JavaRebel is commercial software with a free trial for 14 days and developer seat cost at 99$.

ZeroTurnaround is a spinoff of Webmedia, Ltd. that focuses on Java developer productivity tools. Currently we are developing JavaRebel, a generic Java class reloader, and JSP Weaver, an instant JSP interpreter.